The tribes that the expedition met along the way were the: Arikaras, Hidastas, Mandans, Sioux, Nez
Perce, and Shoshone.
In the beginning of October was when the expedition first saw abandoned villages that were destroyed
by smallpox. There were eighteen villages and then it went down to three villages. The Arikaras were at war with the Mandans
when Lewis and Clark arrived. They organized a council, on October 10, to meet with the chiefs. Lewis gave a speech that said
that they should make peace with the Mandans, shun the Sioux, and trade with the American merchants so that their new father
could protect them. After the speech the gave the Arikaras gifts such as vermilion paint, pewter looking glasses, four hundred
needles, broadcloth, beads, combs, razors, nine pairs of scissors, knives, tomahawks and more. When they were offered whiskey
(beer) they said, " that they were surprised that their father should present them liquor which would make them act like fools."
The chiefs were given military coats, cocked hats, medals, and American flags. At the villages York, who was Lewis's salve,
was a sensation because, not only because of his size, but they had never seen a black man before. York played with the children
acting like a beast but was told to stop because " he Carried on the joke and made himself more turbial then we had wished
him to." This tribe had the Arikara women do favors for the Americans and were encouraged to by their husbands who believed
that they could get some of the power of the white men from such intercourse transmitted to them from their wives. Previously,
the Arikara women had an intercourse with white traders who had venereal disease (sexually transmitted) that was passed on
to the soldiers from the women. Sergeant Gas said that the Arikara squaws (wives) were to be'' the most cleanly Indians I
have ever seen... handsome...the best looking Indians I have ever seen." Which was certainly not true because of the disease
they carried. They brought corn, squash, beans and other vegetables to the expedition. One of the chiefs agreed
to go to the Mandan village to try to make peace with them.
The first meeting with the Sioux went really badly. They didn't make a favorable expression but the
good thing was that nobody was killed. In the morning the chief, Black Buffalo, insisted that the expedition anchor near his
village. Lewis and Clark arrived just when the Sioux had come back from a great battle. They had brought back seventy-five
Omaha warriors and captured forty-eight women and children. At the scalp dance that night Lewis and Clark suggested that they
make peace with the Omaha. If the chief understood he probably thought they were crazy. He decided to have his scalp dance
anyway. This was the first scalp dance observed by the Americans. The dance had finally ended at midnight. It was then when
Black Buffalo offered them "bed partners". Clark, who was the only one who understood this, refused. The next night there
was another scalp dance that ended at 11:00 p.m.
In the morning Black Buffalo came and asked them to stay one more day. Clark wanting to go on said no.
But at that moment several warriors came and grabbed the bowline. Clark hurried to tell Lewis what was happening and that
Black Buffalo wanted tobacco and he'd let them go. Lewis got mad and they had a little catfight for control over the boat.
Finally, Lewis got control of the boat and threw a carrot of tobacco on the shoreline.
The Mandans were the most friendly Indian tribe. They were so nice that they gave corn to the expedition
during their first winter. Without the Mandan corn the expedition wouldn't of survived its first winter. The first signs of
the Mandans were the abandoned villages. They were abandoned because the tribe was decimated by smallpox. There were only
four thousand Mandans left. The chief's name was Black Cat. The expedition and the Mandans got a long fine. They would get
together and go hunting, trade, enjoy sexual relations with the women on a regular basis, joked and communicated as best they